This article provides an overview of organic garden pest control that discourages the pests from eating your vegetables while minimizing the negative impact on the environment. Chemical fertilizers are avoided in organic gardens to protect the environment but this could be negated if you use pesticides to destroy the garden pests. With integrated pest management you not only save the environment but you also save on expenses because you do not need to purchase chemical sprays. Some of the organic garden pest control strategies include the use of natural substances with strong smells, fumes and heat, plants that emit odors and gases that discourage pests, natural soap, and oil.
The Usual Suspects
A usual target for do it yourself pest control in your organic garden are the ants primarily because they care for aphids, whiteflies, scales and mealy bugs for the production of honeydew. The problem is that these insects are harmful to the vegetables in your garden. Some ants have painful bites that may be lethal during certain cases and some are capable of destroying wood by cutting out holes in it for their nests. Other pests that should be the target for your organic garden pest control activities include earwigs, fleas, deer, birds, caterpillars, aphids, mealy bugs, gophers, mildew, mold, mice, opossums, moles, slugs, scales, spider mites, snails, voles, thrips, and whitefly.
The Organic Approach
- Garlic Fire Spray or Garlic Oil – The most common non-toxic spray for home remedy pest control in your garden is the garlic fire spray, which is usually made of some or all of the following ingredients: chili peppers, garlic, kerosene, vegetable oil, soap and water.Note:
The garlic fire spray could be used to kill ants but borax can also be used to poison them. However, it should be noted than in the UK and in the European Community, the use of these home-made sprays as pesticides if they have not been authorized for such application is prohibited by law.
- Fish Fertilizer – Aside from the above components, fish fertilizer may also be utilized to discourage certain pests, including caterpillars, mites and nematodes.
- Elder Spray – Elder spray can be utilized to kill small caterpillars and aphids. It can also act as a fungicide for blackspot and mildew on roses.
- Bracken Spray – The bracken spray can be used to kill blackflies except for the cherry blackfly.
- Nettle Spray – The nettle spray can be used for various insects, particularly aphids and the celery leaf miner.
- Horsetail Tea – Horsetail tea can be applied for the control of rust on celery and mildew on strawberries.
- Seaweed Spray – Seaweed spray is a fungicide and insecticide and it can discourage pests if sprayed on foliage.
- Rhubarb Spray – Rhubarb spray is also effective against aphids because of the oxalic acid content in its leaves.
- Insect Soap – The soap need to be sprayed on the actual pests. This will basically remove a protective barrier around the the pest which will lead to them dying.
When you are engaging in this kind of pest control do not forget to focus on spot treatments instead of spraying the whole garden. The principle is to determine the pest that you want to control and then take advantage of its own biology to destroy them. So identity the pest you are dealing with and then take the appropriate action.